The Caribbean School of Theology (CST) is an outgrowth of its predecessor, the Advanced Ministerial Training Institute (AMTI), which was organized in the early 1970s for the English speaking Caribbean under the Latin American Board of Directors now called the Latin American Advanced School of Theology (LAAST). The formation of the school occurred in direct response to the felt need expressed by national church leaders in the Caribbean. Graduates of the national Bible schools moved into positions of leadership of young churches and growing national church organizations. Their request to the Assemblies of God World Missions (AGWM), then known as the Division of Foreign Missions (DFM), for help to better equip themselves for the work of the ministry precipitated the development of CST.
The August 2–6, 1982, plenary session of LAAST ratified the decision for AMTI to function under its own Board of Directors in the Caribbean. Language and cultural differences were among the reasons noted.
Milton Kersten served as President from 1985–1994. Lewis McCown served as Academic Dean from 1987–1994, and Ronald Hittenberger served as Academic Dean from 1994–2008. Lewis McCown served as the CST President from 1994–2009. In October 2008, David Swafford became the Academic Dean of the BA program and in July 2009, Dr. Mike Peterson assumed the position as president. The Latin America Caribbean Regional Director, David Ellis, serves as chairman of the Board. Each participating country has a CST Board member: the National Representative.
CST continues its development in a partnership of Caribbean national churches and AGWM. Its modules are now a regular part of participating national church calendars. An educational agreement between CST and Global University (GU), USA was negotiated in 1993, which gives students the opportunity to earn an accredited MA degree. The formation of a consortium of Caribbean Bible schools with CST is in place to implement that option.